By Martin Maiden, Cecilia Robustelli
This Italian reference grammar presents scholars, lecturers and others drawn to the Italian language with a entire, available and jargon-free advisor to the kinds and constitution of Italian.
Whatever their point of data of the language, newbies of Italian will locate this e-book crucial: it supplies transparent and unique motives of every thing from the main straightforward evidence similar to the relation among spelling and pronunciation, or the types of the thing, to extra complex issues akin to a few of the nuances of the subjunctive. Formal or archaic discourse is special from casual, daily utilization, and regionalisms also are indicated the place applicable.
The authors have taken care to make it a simple and illuminating reference device: vast cross-referencing allows readers to fast locate the data they require, and likewise stimulates them to find new, similar proof.
Read or Download A Reference Grammar of Modern Italian (2nd Edition) PDF
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This Italian reference grammar offers scholars, lecturers and others attracted to the Italian language with a accomplished, obtainable and jargon-free advisor to the types and constitution of Italian.
Whatever their point of information of the language, beginners of Italian will locate this publication fundamental: it provides transparent and particular motives of every thing from the main straightforward evidence reminiscent of the relation among spelling and pronunciation, or the kinds of the thing, to extra complex issues resembling a number of the nuances of the subjunctive. Formal or archaic discourse is amazing from casual, daily utilization, and regionalisms also are indicated the place acceptable.
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Extra info for A Reference Grammar of Modern Italian (2nd Edition)
Also la zebra [la d dzεbra] ‘the zebra’, lo zoologo [lo ddzo ɔlo o] ‘the zoologist’, la zia [la t tsia] ‘the aunt’. ● gn is always [ ] between vowels: ragno [ ra o] ‘spider’, lo gnomo [lo ɔmo] ‘the gnome’. 2 for the pronunciation [ l]): aglio [ aʎʎo] ‘garlic’, sceglieva [ʃeʎ ʎeva] ‘she chose’. ● sc + e/i is always [ʃʃ] between vowels: pesce [ peʃʃe] ‘ﬁsh’, la sceglie [la ʃ ʃeʎʎe] ‘he chooses it’, lascia [ laʃʃa] ‘he leaves’. 6 Lengthening of consonants at the beginning of words: rafforzamento (fono)sintattico There is a major and systematic feature of Italian pronunciation which is almost never represented in writing, and tends therefore to be neglected by non-natives.
The term is especially used of verbs, such as essere or potere or fare, many of whose forms are such that they seem idiosyncratic, and cannot be predicted by general rule. Irregular verbs generally require learning by rote. Length (lunghezza) – A ‘long’ vowel or consonant has longer duration in time than a short one. , pala ‘shovel’ vs. palla ‘ball’. 5), long consonants are written as ‘double’ consonant letters (consonanti doppie). , là ‘there’). , Ogni essere umano deve morire ‘Every human being must die’).
Spelling helps us only in the case of those ‘parole tronche’ which comprise more than one syllable and end in a vowel; here the stressed vowel of the ﬁnal syllable always carries a written accent: Primary stress 15 amerà caffè caribù casinò città colibrì ‘she will love’ ‘coffee’ ‘caribu’ ‘casino’ ‘city’ ‘humming bird’ penserò pensò poté scimpanzé sentì ‘I shall think’ ‘she thought’ ‘she could’ ‘chimpanzee’ ‘she felt’ In non-ﬁnal syllables, the position of main stress is predictable, but only up to a point.
A Reference Grammar of Modern Italian (2nd Edition) by Martin Maiden, Cecilia Robustelli