By John Middleton
Offering a accomplished examine the continent of Africa and the international locations that include it, this ebook describes its peoples and cultures, song and paintings, alternate and economic system, vacation trips and fairs, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its background, artwork and structure and way of life. It examines Africa from prehistoric occasions to the current day.
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Extra resources for Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Leakey - Rwanda
Nevertheless, few francophone authors of the region are well known outside their homelands. The two Congolese republics—one a former colony of France, the other of Belgium—have produced the most prominent writers. 25 africa_vol3 1/14/03 11:45 AM Page 26 Literature Congolese poetry blossomed in the late 1960s and 1970s, stimulated by both the Negritude movement and the increasing contact between black writers across the continent. One of its leading figures, Valentin Mudimbe, founded a publishing house to promote Congolese literature.
Novelists have also grappled with the conflict between rural and urban life. Wole Soyinka, Nigerian author and political activist, wrote a play in honor of his country’s independence in 1960. The play celebrated the end of colonial rule but warned Nigerians of other forms of tyranny. In 1986 Soyinka won the Nobel Prize for literature. Somali Literature. The East African nation of SOMALIA has produced some of the most experimental fiction on the continent. After the government adopted the Roman alphabet for the Somali language in 1972, works by a new group of writers appeared that combined traditional oral poetry and written forms.
History of African Pastoralism. Animal bones found in the northern Sahara suggest that people were raising livestock thousands of years before farming took place. C. people began to raise cattle. At that time the Saharan climate was much cooler and moister than it is today, with extensive woods and grasslands. African rock paintings show scenes of people tending herds of cattle and sheep. , a change in climate caused the Sahara to dry up. Overgrazing—allowing large herds of animals to feed on the land until the surface vegetation is destroyed—may have accelerated the process.
Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Leakey - Rwanda by John Middleton