By Mary T. Phillips
This quantity grew out of a venture to behavior a survey of the clinical literature of the us for goods addressing the e. thical and humane problems with animal experimentation. the unique function of the survey used to be to supply packground info for the improvement of a suite of consultant traces for using animals in study then in coaching by way of the recent York Academy of Sciences' advert Hoc Committee on Animal study. ! We quickly learned, despite the fact that, that the survey constituted a helpful source in its personal correct. during this publication we current the result of the literature survey in addition to proper information regarding its legislative and old con textual content. we are hoping that this fabric can be worthy to biomedical researchers grappling with animal welfare difficulties in addition to to social scientists attracted to tracing the evolution of the 20th-century section of the animal learn controversy. The time span coated by way of the survey was once chosen to compare the 20-year interval among the passage of the 1st federal Animal Welfare Act in 1966 and the newest laws regulating animal examine, which took impact in the course of 1986. Our research examines this transitional interval in the course of the pages of the clinical literature. in the course of those 2 a long time, animal re seek within the usa was once remodeled. Activist animal security businesses catapulted difficult moral inquiries to nationwide promenade inence, throwing the clinical community2 into turmoil.
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Extra info for Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986
16 The remaining papers in this volume deal with ethical problems in the treatment of human patients and the general implications of neurology and biology for ethics, with no mention of animal research. This book, therefore, was not counted as a separate item. We made an effort to locate and read each of the 690 items, and we succeeded in over 90% of the cases. Items that were not read tended to be ones that were unavailable in major research libraries in the New York area, and thus are probably also the items with the smallest readership in the scientific community.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 406. New York: The New York Academy of Sciences, p 150 [AB]; Fox JL (1984) Animal rights bill defeated in California. Science 224:1414 [AB]. In 1984 a set of videotapes was stolen from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School's head trauma laboratory by a group calling itself the Animal Liberation Front. Approximately 70 hours of videotape were condensed to about 35 minutes and were subsequently displayed across the United States as well as in several European countries.
Second, the number of items used in the analysis is large enough to form a basis for reasonably accurate conclusions, and the items represent a wide range of journals, in spite of the fact that the data are not ex- Procedures for Conducting the Literature Search 39 haustive. From all sources, we located a total of 690 items that fulfilled our criteria for relevance; 659 of these were journal items published in 79 different journals (see Appendix E). Third, we confirmed our results by performing separate computations using only the 484 items found in our manual search of the five selected journals.
Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986 by Mary T. Phillips