By Julie Castonguay
Social benchmarking is an assessment technique within which the functionality degrees of alternative public social courses are in comparison, both particularly to one another or to an absolute price. the 1st a part of this examine discusses using social benchmarking for the overview of energetic labour industry guidelines. This half additionally develops a social benchmark version, that are used to evaluate the functionality of energetic labour industry rules quite often, and work-based employment courses in particular. the second one a part of this learn includes the particular benchmarking of the work-based employment courses in 5 nations: Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the uk
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Extra resources for Benchmarking Carrots and Sticks: developing a model for the evaluation of work-based employment programs
The effectiveness of such programs can thus be compared on their output, assuming they have the same output-related objective. o Process Benchmark This is a very traditional way of benchmarking, associated with the “reengineering production strategy” common in many companies in more technical branches. In these types of benchmarks the production process of different companies is compared in order to make improvements in the way the products (or services) are made. It is less likely to be used on its own for the comparison of labour market programs.
Being aware of the impact these different choices can have will allow proceeding with the building of the benchmark model in chapter 3 and 4, so that an actual benchmark can be performed in part 2 of the research. 1. The policy-chain and a typology for benchmark models Benchmarking evolved as a powerful international trend in the private sector in the 1980s. Xerox Corporation was the initiator of this new trend. By means of comparing itself to other companies, it reversed a downward profitability curve to become one of the most efficient corporations in the US (Schütz, Speckesser and Schmid, 1998).
They can be regrouped in different categories, such as macro-economic factors, political context, and the juridical context. External factors (influence the input, process, output, and impact, but outside the policy-chain, thus outside the reach of the policy-maker): - macro-economic factors: unemployment rates, job vacancies, poverty and inequality rates, total welfare caseload, government debt and budget balances - political context: parties in places and political scope for reform - juridical context external to social security laws (for example, employment protection laws, human rights legislation, tender laws) Obviously, depending on the specific type of active labour market program, the precise indicators which define best each section of this policy-chain will vary.
Benchmarking Carrots and Sticks: developing a model for the evaluation of work-based employment programs by Julie Castonguay